The Medical Aspects Of Mustard Gas Poisoning by Aldred Scott Warthin

Cover of: The Medical Aspects Of Mustard Gas Poisoning | Aldred Scott Warthin

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Number of Pages264
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Open LibraryOL11927242M
ISBN 101430477059
ISBN 109781430477051

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The Medical Aspects of Mustard gas Poisoning [Aldred Scott Warthin, Carl Vernon Well] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

This work was reproduced from the original artifactCited by: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Warthin, Aldred Scott, Medical aspects of mustard gas poisoning. Louis, C.V. Mosby company, Medical aspects of sulfur mustard poisoning Article Literature Review in Toxicology (3) November with 37 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

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The Medical Manual of Chemical Warfare, published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, Edition, based on data from A detailed account of the general effects of gases used during war and the appearance, physical properties, effect, treatment and decontamination of the.

Sulfur mustard is a type of chemical warfare agent. These kinds of agents cause blistering of the skin and mucous membranes on contact. They are called vesicants or blistering agents. Sulfur mustard is also known as “mustard gas or mustard agent,” or by the military designations H, HD, and HT.

Sulfur mustard sometimes smells like garlic. Mustard gas, though technically not a gas and often called sulfur mustard by scholarly sources, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents, which can form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.

They have a long history of use as a blister-agent in warfare and, along with organoarsenic compounds such as Lewisite, are the Chemical formula: C₄H₈Cl₂S. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Medical Aspects of Mustard Gas Poisoning Warthin Scott at the best online prices at.

What is mustard poisoning. Mustard poisoning happens when you are exposed to a harmful chemical called mustard gas. The chemical smells like garlic or onions.

It comes in a liquid or an aerosol. An aerosol is a spray with tiny droplets of liquid. Mustard gas is used as a weapon. It may be sprayed onto people, or onto a surface that people will.

Aldred Scott Warthin (Octo − ) was an American pathologist whose research laid the foundation for understanding the heritability of certain cancers. He has been described as "the father of cancer genetics."Alma mater: Indiana University; University of.

Extracted from the book "Medical Diseases of the War" by Arthur Hurst, M.A., MD (Oxon), FRCP. Chapter X describes the effects of chlorine gas poisoning, the patient's symptoms, prognosis and the treatment advocated in Of interest is the treatment of cyanosis by bleeding.

On the medical aspects of vesicants in general and mustard gas in particular, see Frederick R Sidell, John S. Urbanetti, William J. Smith, and Charles G. Hurst, “Vesicants,” in Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare, –; Frederick R. Sidell and Charles G. Hurst, “Long-Term Heal Effects of Nerve Agents and Mustard,” in Cited by: The following useful reference document is an extract from The Medical Department of the United States in the World War, Volume XIV, Medical Aspects of Gas Warfare.

It gives an authoritative account of the classification of the various poison gases used during the war and describes how they exerted their effects and were delivered in action. Sulfur mustard exposure presenting to a community emergency department.

Ann Emerg Med. ;59(1) Balali-Mood M, Hefazi M. The pharmacology, toxicology, and medical treatment of sulphur mustard poisoning. [] On section of the upper lobe a moist pink surface presents medially. Posteriorly a pinkish-red surface.

Sulfur mustard (SM) is an alkylating agent that induces short and long term toxicity on various organs. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term psychological symptoms among samples of exposed to sulfur mustard gas compared with unexposed civilians 20 years after exposure.

This historical cohort study was conducted on civilians of Sardasht and Rabat in two age matched Cited by: Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare () Military Medical Ethics Historical Aspects of Medical Defense Against Chemical Warfare 87 4. The Chemical Warfare Threat and the Military Healthcare Provider Long-Term Health Effects of Nerve Agents and Mustard 9.

Toxic Inhalational Injury Cyanide Poisoning 11 File Size: KB. RED BOOK PRICE LIST SECTION. MAY, VOLUME LXXXI NO. New York, Soft Cover. Price list with advertisements. More. Add to Cart. A First Edition copy of The Medical Aspects of Mustard Gas Poisoning, an early scientific examination into the effects of the chemical weapon used in the ‘Great War’ only.

More. Add to Cart. Mustard as ecognition and reatment 6 No antidote exists for mustard gas exposure. Follow-Up Treatment Blisters • B listers caused by mustard gas are initially fragile, but will harden over time. • F luid in blisters is not dangerous to the rescuer.

Toxicity of Sulphur Mustard. Toxicity of HN2 (Mustine Hydrochloride) General Toxicology and Pharmacology of Sulphur Mustard: Mechanisms of Action. Histopathology of Sulphur Mustard Exposure. Symptoms and Signs of Sulphur Mustard Poisoning.

Firsthand Accounts of Effects of Mustard Gas. Clinical Chemistry and Other Investigations. a For the purposes of the History of the Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War, the period of war activities extends from Dec.

31, In the professional volumes, however. in which are recorded the medical and surgical aspects of the conflict as applied to the actual care of the sick and wounded, this. (From An Atlas of Gas Poisoning, American Red Cross ). Two hundred-fifty (26%) of gas-injured patients were treated for mustard gas exposure which often caused injury to lungs and skin lasting for long periods.

This gas condensed to an oily liquid which. Mustard gas belongs to a class of organic compounds that include sulfur mustard (Yperite) and nitrogen mustard. Lewisite is an arsenic-containing agent in this class. As gases, these agents appear yellow-brown in color and smell like mustard, garlic, or horseradish.

In pure form at room temperature, they are thick and almost-odorless liquids. Similarly, exposure to mustard gas may increase the likelihood of contracting cancers of the respiratory tract.

Although contact with mustard gas is not usually deadly, each of these symptoms can be exacerbated by a poor healthcare system, or lack of access to aid due to political unrest, economic situation, or any other number of possibilities. MEDICAL TREATMENT: Because health effects due to sulfur mustard may not occur until several hours after exposure, patients/victims should be observed in a hospital setting for at least 24 hours.

Gastric lavage is contraindicated following ingestion of this agent due to the risk of perforation of the esophagus or upper airway. High-explosive gas shell usually contained the nasal irritants such as diphenylechlorarsine and were marked with a blue cross.

6 There is reason to believe that very late in the war some mustard gas may have been fired in high-explosive shell. The blue cross shell not only produced a gas effect but also detonation and fragmentation to a marked. Chemical Warfare Agents, Second Edition has been totally revised since the successful first edition and expanded to about three times the length, with many new chapters and much more in-depth consideration of all the topics.

The chapters have been written by distinguished international experts in various aspects of chemical warfare agents and edited by an experienced team to produce. from book Dermatologic Aspects of Sulfur Mustard Exposure (pp) Upper Respiratory Complications of Sulfur Mustard (SM) Poisoning Mustard gas is an alkylating agent that exerts its.


Mustard gas, the popular name of dichloroethyl sulfide, was known during World. Sulfur mustard is a strongly lipophilic substance that may accumulate in fatty tissues and has actually been detected at autopsy in a patient who died 7 days postexposure. Detailed data, as published by Drasch et al.

(), are displayed in Table The whole distressing story of mustard gas poisoning teems with medical interest. But while its lessons are worth taking to heart, we may well hope that the disease itself need only appear in the future text-books of medicine as a curiosity and the relic of a savage.

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LEA Ministry Cited by: Mustard gas definition is - an irritant vesicant oily liquid C4H8Cl2S used especially as a chemical weapon. Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): g (external link).

Mustard gas has a molecular weight of and consists of % C, % H, % Cl, and % S. Mustard is a clear, colorless oily liquid with a boiling point of –°C and a melting point of °C. In order to use mustard gas effectively at lower temperatures, it is mixed with Lewisite in some munitions at a ratio of Chemical weapons in World War I were primarily used to demoralize, injure, and kill entrenched defenders, against whom the indiscriminate and generally slow-moving or static nature of gas clouds would be most effective.

The types of weapons employed ranged from disabling chemicals, such as tear gas and the severe mustard gas, to lethal agents like phosgene and chlorine. Mustard gas or mustard agent is a poisonous gas that falls in the first group, along with even more lethal chemical agents such as chlorine gas and sarin.

Tear gas, for example, is a non-poisonous gas that falls in the second category. Although tear gas is an effective weapon against advancing soldiers, it has no Author: Josh Briggs. The clinical incidence of neurologic sequelae of mustard gas poisoning or exposure is rare.

Mustard gas, the popular name of dichloroethyl sulfide, was known during World War I as "king of battle gases," 1 inasmuch as, pound for pound, it produced nearly eight times the number of casualties produced by all the other battle gases combined.

Marshall 2 concluded that systemic effects occurred Cited by: 5.Long-Term Health Effects of Nerve Agents and Mustard used in warfare on several occasions, and is a ma-jor chemical warfare agent.6 Nitrogen mustard is of more recent origin, has not been used File Size: KB.Effects of Mustard Gas Exposure in Pediatric Patients: Long-Term Scientific series “Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Terrorism” in col- Stojiljkovic and Jokanovic review the security and medical aspects of ter-rorist poisoning of civilian population with nerve gases sarin and VX performedFile Size: 2MB.

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